Tuesday, 21 May 2019

Texts

First May 2019: Drive back the attack by capital! Organize the response of the proletariat!

Everywhere in the world our living and working conditions are under attack and the militarization and State control of our lives are taking giant steps forward, with the ideological accompaniment of nationalism, chauvinism, hostility towards the “foreigner”, sexism: in other words division within the proletarian class. All the bourgeois parties – right as well as “left” – draw up or have drawn up elaborate reforms of the labour market, like the Loi Travail in France, the Jobs Act in Italy, Agenda 2010 in Germany; or they plan harsher measures with the sole objective of making working conditions flexible, increasing pressure on the working class, limiting wages. In a word, increasing the exploitation of workers! All over the world, these parties are also united in agreement in another sense: in strengthening their repressive apparatus to an ever greater extent with consolidation of the state of emergency (for example in the USA, France, Germany, Turkey etc.) and in providing the police and legal apparatus with a growing number of special measures for intervention, such as provisional arrest, the use of Tasers, harsher laws. Where the working class is more militant, for example in Italy amongst the – often non-EU – workers exploited in the field of logistics, or where the working conditions prove even more abominable, the battles there are countered by the State with recourse to police violence and judiciary repression. Even widespread “popular” protests, like those by the gilets jaunes in France, showing vague discontent with capitalistic relations and in which wage workers have also taken part, serve the State by providing the ground for experimenting new repressive measures and for exercising power.

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What distinguishes our Party

Each issue of our periodicals carries the following words on the cover:

«What distinguishes our Party is the political continuity which goes from Marx to Lenin, to the foundation of the Communist International and the Communist Party of Italy (Livorno, 1921); the struggle of the Communist Left against the degeneration of the International, the struggle against the theory of «socialism in one country» and the Stalinist counter-revolution; the rejection of the Popular Fronts and the Resistance blocs; the difficult task of restoring the revolutionary doctrine and organisation in close interrelationship with the working class, against personal and electoral politics.»

The purpose of these few words is to give a brief and general indication of what characterises our Party. Although it was not intended to be a detailed explanation (synthetic formulas mark a trace, do not claim to illustrate it), a distinctive feature of our movement is immediately made clear to the reader: for us, contrary to the whole myriad of «modernisers» of Marxism, there exists a continuous, unchanged, unalterable line which defines the revolutionary Communist Party. This is so precisely because its line rises above the ups and downs, the setbacks and advances, the rare but glorious victories and the numerous and catastrophic defeats of the working class, on the difficult path of its struggle for emancipation. It is in fact only thanks to the uninterrupted permanence of this line that the proletariat exists as a class; indeed this line does not reflect the temporary and often contradictory position of the proletariat at this or that stage of its path, in space and time, but the direction that it must necessarily take, starting from its situation of exploited class), to become the ruling class and then achieve, throughout the world, the abolition of all classes and communism. While the material conditions for this path were created by the capitalist mode of production itself, this path does not fall from the sky and it can be travelled to the end only by struggling. And only the Marxist doctrine knows its necessary phases, its indispensable means, as well as its ultimate aims.

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Solidarity with the Venezuelan proletariat against all patriotic and nationalist temptations

We communists are not indifferent towards the events in Venezuela, just as we are not indifferent to the social and political effects of the capitalist economy’s structural crisis, which drags on and becomes more and more profound, upsetting bourgeois alliances and alignments and aggravating the living and working conditions of the proletariat all over the world.

But our point of reference is and remains precisely that – the international proletariat, and its immediate and future interests. This is why we vigorously express our active solidarity with the Venezuelan proletarians, under attack from all quarters: by US imperialism, by the national bourgeoisie in all its various disguises (“régime” and “opposition”), by European imperialisms, as well as Chinese, Russian, and Turkish – all so many vultures hovering overhead.

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Class memory: Peterloo 1819

The film Peterloo by the English director Mike Leigh tells the story of real events that took place in Manchester, the cradle of the industrial revolution, on 16th August 1819: the massacre of workers during a demonstration – known at the time as “the massacre of Peterloo”.  In the history of the workers’ movement (and not only in England!), those events – preceded by ever more frequent strikes and demonstrations – come between the fading of “Luddism” (the instinctive sabotage by home workers when the first machines were introduced heralding the beginning of the factory system) and the evolution of these scattered workers’ struggles towards the organized movement that assumed the name “Chartism” (from the “Chart” of claims it formed around), thus, between the opening years of the 1800s and the 1840s – decisive experiences which, together with others on both the economic and the political and philosophical planes, contributed to forming the humus for the establishment of dialectic materialism and communism (The Condition of the Working Class in England dates to 1844, The Manifesto of the Communist Party to 1848). But back to Manchester. 

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The “yellow vests”: a people’s revolt short of breath, a long wave of people’s illusion

“Of all the classes that stand face to face with the bourgeoisie today, the proletariat alone is a really revolutionary class. The other classes decay and finally disappear in the face of Modern Industry; the proletariat is its special and essential product. The lower middle class, the small manufacturer, the shopkeeper, the artisan, the peasant, all these fight against the bourgeoisie, to save from extinction their existence as fractions of the middle class. They are therefore not revolutionary, but conservative. Nay more, they are reactionary, for they try to roll back the wheel of history. If by chance, they are revolutionary, they are only so in view of their impending transfer into the proletariat; they thus defend not their present, but their future interests, they desert their own standpoint to place themselves at that of the proletariat”.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              The Communist Manifesto (1848)

 

Today. Great surprise has been caused by the so-called “gilets jaunes movement” (the yellow vests), arising in France in mid November, apparently out of nothing, and, reaching its peak at the beginning of December, subsequently losing momentum and potential for mobilization after the Government concessions of 10 December.

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International Press

 

                    

            

 

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